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Table of Contents


MDR stands for Managed Detection and Response. MDR is a managed security service that provides 24/7 threat monitoring, detection, investigation, and response capabilities to organizations.

MDR services typically use advanced security technologies such as machine learning, behavioral analytics, and threat intelligence to detect and respond to cyber threats. In addition, MDR providers may offer human expertise and support to help investigate and respond to security incidents.

MDR services are designed to complement an organization’s existing security measures by providing additional visibility and detection capabilities, as well as a proactive and comprehensive approach to threat management. By outsourcing their security operations to an MDR provider, organizations can benefit from enhanced threat detection and response capabilities without the need to invest in additional staff or technology.


EDR stands for Endpoint Detection and Response. EDR is a cybersecurity technology that is used to detect, investigate, and respond to advanced threats targeting endpoints such as laptops, desktops, servers, and mobile devices.

EDR software is typically installed on endpoint devices and collects and analyzes data from various sources, such as system logs, network traffic, and endpoint activity, to detect suspicious behavior or anomalies that may indicate a security threat. EDR solutions may use techniques such as machine learning, behavioral analysis, and threat intelligence to identify potential threats and provide actionable insights to security teams.

EDR solutions can provide real-time visibility into endpoint activity, enabling security teams to quickly respond to security incidents and mitigate potential damage. EDR solutions may also include incident response tools to help security teams investigate and remediate security incidents, such as isolating infected endpoints or removing malware.

Overall, EDR is an important component of modern endpoint security strategies, helping organizations to detect and respond to advanced threats that may evade traditional security measures.


XDR stands for Extended Detection and Response. XDR is a security technology that provides centralized visibility, detection, and response across multiple security domains, including endpoints, networks, and cloud environments.

XDR solutions integrate data from various security tools, such as endpoint detection and response (EDR), network detection and response (NDR), and cloud security posture management (CSPM) solutions, to provide a unified view of security threats across an organization’s entire IT environment.

XDR solutions use advanced analytics and machine learning algorithms to analyze security data from multiple sources and provide actionable insights to security teams. XDR can help identify and prioritize security threats, improve incident response times, and reduce the risk of data breaches and other cyberattacks.

One of the key benefits of XDR is that it allows security teams to detect and respond to threats that may have otherwise gone unnoticed by individual security tools or teams. By providing a unified view of security data across an organization’s entire IT environment, XDR enables security teams to identify and respond to complex, multi-stage attacks that may involve multiple security domains.

Overall, XDR is an emerging security technology that offers a more comprehensive and integrated approach to threat detection and response than traditional security solutions.


MITRE ATT&CK is a globally accessible knowledge base of adversary tactics and techniques that provides a structured framework for understanding and analyzing cyber threats. It is developed and maintained by MITRE, a non-profit organization that operates federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs).

ATT&CK stands for Adversarial Tactics, Techniques & Common Knowledge, and it is designed to help cybersecurity professionals better understand the tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) used by threat actors in various stages of an attack, from initial compromise to data exfiltration.

The MITRE ATT&CK framework is divided into two main categories: tactics and techniques. Tactics refer to the overall objectives of an attack, such as gaining access or establishing persistence, while techniques are specific methods used to achieve these objectives, such as phishing or privilege escalation.

The framework includes a vast array of techniques and sub-techniques, organized into a matrix that can be used to map and track attacker behavior. This matrix is constantly updated to reflect the latest threat intelligence and new tactics and techniques as they emerge.

The MITRE ATT&CK framework is widely used by cybersecurity professionals in a range of applications, including threat intelligence, incident response, and security operations. By providing a common language and framework for describing and analyzing cyber threats, it helps organizations better understand their adversaries and improve their overall security posture.


Zero Trust is a security model that assumes that all network traffic, whether inside or outside the network, is potentially malicious and should not be trusted by default. This model requires all users, devices, and applications to be verified and authorized before being granted access to sensitive resources or data.

The Zero Trust model is based on the principle of “never trust, always verify.” It is designed to prevent unauthorized access to critical assets and reduce the risk of data breaches and other cyberattacks. Instead of relying on traditional perimeter-based security measures, such as firewalls and network segmentation, Zero Trust relies on continuous verification of all entities that request access to sensitive resources.

Zero Trust architecture typically consists of several layers of security controls, such as identity and access management (IAM), multifactor authentication (MFA), encryption, network segmentation, and security analytics. These controls work together to ensure that only authorized users and devices are allowed to access sensitive resources, and that any suspicious activity is detected and blocked in real-time.

The Zero Trust model is gaining popularity as organizations increasingly adopt cloud computing, mobile devices, and other technologies that blur traditional network boundaries. By assuming that all traffic is potentially malicious, Zero Trust enables organizations to provide secure access to sensitive resources regardless of the user’s location or the device they are using.